What percentage of the bureaucracy can the President hire?
Which of the following are true about the President FIRING officials within the Bureaucracy?
What country first developed a bureaucracy?
What happened in 1883 to change how people viewed the spoil system?
Which of the following is NOT accurate regarding the Pendleton Act of 1883?
How has the size of the Bureaucracy changed since WW2?
Which agency tests and rates employees of the bureaucracy?
All of the following help to explain the President's difficulty in controlling cabinet-level agencies EXCEPT:
(A) Agencies often have political support from interest groups.
(B) Agency staff often have information and technical expertise that the President and presidential advisers lack.
(C) The President can only fire appointees before they have been confirmed by the Senate.
(D) Civil servants who remain in their jobs through changes of administration develop loyalties to their agencies.
(E) Congress is a competitor for influence over the bureaucracy.
The activities of the Federal Reserve Board have the most direct influence on
(A) bank interest rates (B) government spending (C) oil prices
(D) troop-strength levels of the armed services (E) availability of scarce minerals
Which of the following is responsible for the preparation of executive spending proposals submitted to Congress?
(A) Treasury Department (B) Council of Economic Advisors (C) Federal Trade Commission
(D) Department of Commerce (E) Office of Management and Budget
Which of the following is the best predictor of the Department of Education's annual budget?
(A) The preferences of the Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
(B) The budget recommendations of the National Education Association
(C) The rate of increase of teachers' salaries
(D) The number of children entering kindergarten
(E) The size of the previous year's budget
48. The usefulness to the President of having cabinet members as political advisers is undermined by the fact that
(A) the President has little latitude in choosing cabinet members
(B) cabinet members have no political support independent of the President
(C) cabinet members are usually drawn from Congress and retain loyalties to Congress
(D) the loyalties of cabinet members are often divided between loyalty to the President and loyalty to their own executive departments
(E) the cabinet operates as a collective unit and individual members have no access to the President
52. Congress has exerted the greatest influence on the operation of a federal agency by doing which of the following?
(A) Requiring the agency to participate in inter- agency task forces
(B) Dismissing an agency head who disagrees with congressional priorities
(C) Reviewing the annual budget appropriations for the agency
(D) Passing "sunset" legislation that terminates programs after a certain period
(E) Asking the Supreme Court for advisory opinions on agency regulations
5. In selecting members of the White House staff, Presidents primarily seek people who
(A) give the White House ideological balance (B) are personally loyal to the President
(C) have extensive governmental experience (D) will help the President develop a good working relationship with Congress
(E) can bring a nonpartisan perspective to policy deliberations
25. The Office of Management and Budget has the primary responsibility for doing which of the following?
(A) Implementing federal unemployment policy (B) Preparing the budget (C) Auditing the budget
(D) Appropriating funds for the budget (E) Approving the budget
43. One of the formal tools used by Congress for oversight of the bureaucracy is
(A) the line-item veto (B) authorization of spending (C) impoundment bills
(D) private bills (E) senatorial courtesy
55. Which of the following form an "iron triangle"?
(A) President, Congress, Supreme Court (B) President, House majority leader, Senate majority leader
(C) Interest group, Senate majority leader, House majority leader (D) Executive department, House majority leader, President
(E) Executive department, Congressional committee, interest group